ALS Accessible Technology Guide

As a patient who has lived with the disease for over a decade, I spend quite a bit of time researching, designing, and implementing various things to make my life more productive. This is by no means a complete list but should provide a good resource for those going through the disease. As I find new things I will update them here. Feel free to add your own solutions and tips in the comments section at the bottom of the page.


Eye Tracking

I can’t stress the importance of early eye tracking adoption enough. For those planning on living with the disease it’s inevitable and it’s much easier to learn when you still have use of your hands. My suggestion is hands down the Microsoft Surface with the Tobii PC Eye .

For text to speech with this setup I use a bare bones software called Balkabolka.

For non technical folks the iSeries from Tobii may be a more convenient option and is very simple to use.

Alternatively, for the advanced tech minded folks you can save a bundle by purchasing a Microsoft Surface and use a Tobii 4c  Microsoft has developed their own Windows controller into the operating system. You can find out more here

You should discuss funding options with your speech therapist as it varies from state to state. Typically you can get this kind of equipment through insurance, Medicaid,  Medicare, the VA, or Team Gleason.


For that are unable to use eyegaze, Neuronode by Control Bionics is another option.

Head mouse

Some people prefer a head mouse instead of eyegaze. Using a head mouse does require some head and neck movement


You will also need mounts for your device. I have my Microsoft Surface permanently attached to my power chair using this mount.

When I am in bed at night I use a retractable wall mount for easy access and storage. I have found this to be a much more convenient and economical solution as opposed to a floor stand. You will have to remove the quick release mount off your device and connect it directly to your device. This is more of a permanent solution.   Available from for $249
* I recommend reading the reviews for installation tips.

It’s generally a good idea to check with your local ALSA chapter to see what is available from their loan closet.

Voice Banking

As soon as you are diagnosed you should start banking your voice so when the time comes you can use your own voice when speaking through the computer. Model Talker can be downloaded for free.

Non Technical Communication

I highly recommend having a non technical solution for communication for those times when technology is not available. We use a simple form of communication quite often with eyebrows up meaning yes, and eyes closed meaning no.

For conversational purposes we use the Vocal Eyes, invented by ALS patient Jason Becker and his dad.


Adjustable bed

Sleeping is a struggle for people with ALS and can be quite uncomfortable. Typically you can get an adjustable bed through insurance or the VA. I however find that a commercially available adjustable bed to work better for me. It allows me to continue sharing a bed with my wife and provides a space for the entire family to sit together and watch a movie. I recommend the icomfort by Serta. It’s a memory foam mattress and I recommend the softest model to avoid bed sores. You will want a split king, which is essentially two twin beds pushed together giving each person their own controls. This is what I use but there are more economical options available and you can mix and match the mattress and base. I recommend going to a mattress store and trying them out. They usually offer financing too.

I personally have an iComfort mattress and I would recommend it

The adjustable bases come with various options including remotes, massage, and apps for remote control. I would recommend one that supports Android devices. If you are using an eyegaze computer you can run a program that enables you to use Android apps so you can control the bed with your eyes.

If you don’t have a Bluetooth enabled bed like me, I designed my own bed controller using Arduino

Bed wedges

When I’m traveling I use wedges to position my back and legs for sitting in bed and sleeping. They are fairly inexpensive and can be rented in most cities.

Call Buttons

This is the button is use to call for help when I am sleeping. Typically it’s placed by your head but I can kind of move one thumb and I use it to press it.

Another good solution is something called a twitch switch that can be activated by just twitching your forehead or cheek. This website also has a lot of other great solutions.



I recommend getting into a wheelchair early. Falls can lead to trauma and speed up your rate of progression. I don’t recommend scooters or portable wheelchairs, it’s only delaying the inevitable. I recommend getting a good power chair as soon as you need one. My recommendation is the Quantum iLevel. This is a great company and iLevel option allows you to raise your chair so you can be at eye level with the people around you.

Driving, and Positioning

I’ve made this a single category because the products I recommend come from the same company, Stealth. I can’t say enough about the people and their products.

Seating and position will be an ongoing challenge over the course of the disease. It is important to talk with your physical therapist to make sure you are getting proper support to ensure you don’t get sores and remain comfortable for sitting for long periods of time.


Your chair comes equipped with a basic joystick but you will find over time that it becomes harder to use as you lose mobility. Stealth has a variety of solutions from micro joysticks to switches that enable you to drive and steer with your legs, knees, heads, feet, and more.

Ability Drive 

We’ve teamed up with Tolt Technologies and Team Gleason to enable you to control your wheelchair with your eyes.


As the disease progresses you will need ongoing support to remain comfortable in your chair. I have custom padded arm troughs, head supports, knee supports, and padded foot rests.


Seating is not a problem during the early stages of the disease but will become a big issue as things progress. Tailbone pain is a significant issue and can only be treated with proper posture and the right cushion. I recommend the Roho Hybrid Elite. It has an air pocket in the rear of the cushion that can be inflated and deflated to your comfort.


Just like seating the headrest won’t be an issue at first but as your neck muscles lose strength it will be challenging to get comfortable. I use a Savant headrest which provides support and can be customized very easily. It also has a head strap for added stability.

Technology and Power

It’s essential to have power options on your chair to power eyegaze devices, tablets, phones, speakers, and vents. Most chairs now come with a standard USB power port options, and car style 12volt jacks can be added by your wheelchair rep. I have a PowerTech Sigma from Richardson Products that powers my computer and can also be used to power a vent and other devices.

I have my Microsoft Surface and Tobii PC mini powered through a 12volt jack using one of these

Additionally I power my vent with a car type charger available through your RT. While it doesn’t charge it, it keeps it powered at the current battery level. I use a y adapter to connect both my vent and Surface powered.

You will probably also find that if you are using a speech generating device that the internal speakers are not loud enough. There are a number of Bluetooth speakers available. I have a Bose Soundlink Color Bluetooth speaker permanently attached to my chair that is powered through the USB port from my chair

Home Automation

Home automation gives you quite a bit of freedom as you lose your physical abilities. You can hire a company to outfit your house, but it comes with a hefty price tag. There are many low cost DIY options available out there that you can implement on your own.

Lights, Fans, Outlets


Wemo is an easy to use option for DIYers. They have light switches that can easily replace your existing light switches and fan switches. You can also use any outlet with the Wemo outlet switch to remotely control anything that can be plugged into an outlet such as a lamp, fan, tv, radio, and more. . Additionally they have a maker device that can be wired to control virtually anything .Currently Wemo only works with Android and iPhone, but you can use Windows application Home Remote to control it (and virtually every other smart home device) It is also worth noting that these devices work with Amazon Echo that we discuss below.


A great way to be able to control the lighting in your environment is with the Phillips Hue lighting system. This system is very easy to install with a installation time of under five minutes. There are a variety of ways to control this system and it can be used with any level of progression. It can be controlled using the standard hue phone app. The system is also compatible with Amazon Echo which allows you to control the lights with your voice. The system can also be controlled from any communication device using the app huetro. This is a free app that will work on any operating system with the exception of Linux. If you’re using Linux you can setup macros using IFTT. this is not an ideal option though. The system can be purchased from your local hardware store or online. You will require the hue bridge which will cost you around fifty dollars. After you have that, you can purchase the bulbs for twenty dollars.


There are a handful of smart thermostats available that allow you to control them with your phone or tablet. I recommend the Ecobee. It’s interface for controlling it is Web based so it will work with any device. It also works with Amazon Echo.

Garage Doors

It might be overkill but I was pleasantly surprised when we had to get a new garage door opener and I realized I could open it with my eyes. I have the Liftmaster with MyQ that works with Android iPhone, and web browser. It can be controlled from anywhere too, so if you forgot to close the garage you can close it from anywhere in the world.


If you have to spend a lot of time indoors like many ALS patients do you might find yourself listening to a lot of music. The best sounding and easiest solution in my opinion is Sonos. I have speakers in every room and can control everything with my eyes. The app works on Android, iPhone, Mac, and Windows.

Amazon Echo

The Echo is a great tool for the disabled. You can control lights, outlets, music, thermostats, order things online and much more using just your voice. If you’re like me and can’t speak it works just as well, if not better with a computerized voice. Here’s a quick demo of me using it with my eyegaze device

While I have experience with the Echo, Google Home can accomplish the same thing

Controlling your TV

Unfortunately there is no standard for controlling TV because of the constantly changing nature of the technology. The only real standard is infrared or IR, which your existing remote control likely uses. Eyegaze devices like Tobii’s iSeries comes with an infrared emitter and an application within their Communicator software that makes it easy to configure it to control your TV, DVD, or cable box. I mainly use a Windows Surface and infrared control is not that straightforward. Thankfully most new Tvs are smart, WiFi enabled devices that can be controlled with your phone, tablet, or computer. I have an LG smart TV and I use a Google Chrome plug-in that acts like a remote . I recommend using the app store on whatever device you use to find something that works with your brand of TV.
One universal remote option is the Logitech Harmony. It allows you to communicate from an iOS or android app to a hub which then controls your devices. So from a single app, you can control your TV, cable, Blu-ray, sound system, etc. The hub can also be used to control smart home devices and integrates with Alexa. For a universal remote, it is fairly simple to set up.

hub with the included remote (if someone else prefers to use a physical remote control):

Make Your Dumb Device Smart

If you have a device that needs to be pushed or twisted Microbots by Prota is a great solution. You can use them to turn on a plain old lights switch or twist a knob on an old stereo.



This was one of the first bit of technology we purchased and will do wonders for your marriage, caretaking and dignity. No one likes having their bum wiped and it’s even worse to be the wipee. Bidets range in price from about $20-$1000. Most simply replace your existing toilet seat and are easy to install. My personal suggestion is the Clean Sense bidet. It has a seat warmer, water temperature controls, a dryer, enema setting, and presets for different users.

When I travel I usually bring along a non electric bidet that can easily be attached to a hotel room toilet . It’s also a good choice for a second bathroom.

Eventually you will have problems with GI motility, I find these mini enemas very effective.

Shower chair

Shower chairs come in many shapes and sizes. I recommend one with a good headrest and tilt. I don’t like the ones with built in toilets, they tend to be uncomfortable. Your local ALSA loan closet should have plenty. I recommend something like this


Getting out of your chair or bed to go pee can be problematic for a number of reasons. A portable urinal is your best bet. They even have an attachment for you ladies, though I can’t comment on its effectiveness.

Condom Catheter

This might be more medical device than technology but I can’t tell you how many people don’t know about this. Sorry ladies, it’s just for the guys and it works like it sounds. Slip the catheter over your junk, attach the tubing and strap the bag to your leg. Using one of these I’ve peed on the White House lawn, during a Broadway show, and flying over the Pacific in the comfort of my own seat. You can buy them without a prescription but you should get one so insurance covers it.

Tracheotomy Stuff


I use these clips to connect my trach tubing to my shirt, head rest, etc.

Shower Shield

I use this in the shower to keep my trach from getting wet. Note it was designed for use without the circuit connected, so I had to cut the plastic underneath a little.

All-In-One Ventilator 

Ventec has created the revolutionary VOCSN, a ventilator, cough assist, suction machine, nebulizer, and oxygen concentrator in one portable machine.



Just because you can’t walk, talk, or move doesn’t mean you get out of household duties! Amazon is a disabled person’s dream. You can buy things for the house, grocery shop, read books, listen to music, and watch movies. When my wife had to go back to work after my diagnosis I took over the grocery shopping duties. I use Instacart, which works with your local stores and lets you shop online and have it delivered to your door

Cold Feet

Cold feet is generally associated with poor circulation and you will eventually experience it from lack of movement. While elevation and range of motion are ultimately your best solution, these heated slippers can provide some relief. Even though they look ridiculous, they work really well and can be powered by USB .

Feeding Tube Holder

I take my tube feedings by bolus, or gravity, so it involves someone standing next to me and pouring food down a syringe. It is time consuming and usually pretty boring for the feeder. The Buckwheat is a feeding tube holder that can be used in your lap or on a tabletop for hands free feeding. It was designed by an ALS patient’s son and the proceeds go to fundraising for ALS TDI.


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29 Responses to “ ALS Accessible Technology Guide ”

  1. Thomas Ryan

    great article, already doing some of these things but will be trying some more of them. one thing I’m doing is I have a separate folder called ALS stuff where I store all als stuff. I save an icon that I lets me get to this folder by clicking the icon on my desktop. The other thing I’ve found very useful is to use the windows pdf file printer option to save stuff like this in print format in my als folder since it is almost impossible for me to handle and turn pages in hard copy print. all you have to do is right-click on the article you want to save to bring up the print function and change the printer setting from your printer to Microsoft Print to PDF option. when it gives you the option to save put it in your ALS or other folder you are using and give it the same name as the article, in this case ALS Technology Guide. but I don’t just use this option for ALS related information but hundreds of other things I track or articles I want to save.. the other positive is you can share these PDF files with anyone that uses a computer.

  2. Jonathan Jenson

    Jay, why use the power tech sigma vs. a DC to AC converter? Just curious.

  3. Jon Ferraiolo

    Another technology idea that we have implemented is putting a computer monitor with a tobii pc eye mini attached at the bottom of the screen, and then suspended over my head facing down so I can operate the computer from my bed with my eyes. I can read myself to sleep and troll the Internet in the middle of the night. It took some Engineering and a number of cables to pull off.

  4. Jon Ferraiolo

    Great summary of available technology! Thanks for doing this. I have many of the same products. An important one to add to your list is the Freedom Bed from ProBed. Quite expensive at $35K or so, but it takes care of the need for a spouse or caregiver to turn you at night to prevent bedsores. Out here in California, that is about one year of paying a caregiver to spend the night.

  5. Dawn Sanderson

    Do you have any suggestions or experience with backup generators or something like this for power outages? My husband has had ALS for 3-1/2 years now and we circle back to your guide regularly as he progresses. Thank you so much for taking the time to put together such a comprehensive list.

    • Evelyn Garrelts

      Dawn, we have a backup generator, Generac, and it has been a life saver literally. We had a power outage of 8+hrs and were so grateful we had the peace of mind of having it. Highly recommend getting one, especially if you live in a place where outrages are present.

  6. Lisa Warlick McBride

    I just reviewed your technology guide and appreciate all your work and expertise in creating this for the ALS community. I’ve passed this on to my brother and sister in law.

    I recently learned about your work accidentally through a business relationship I have with someone in your hometown and ended up speaking with your mother. My husband and I plan to be at her event for you next weekend, if we can do it.

    I’ve also forwarded your information to my brother, Peter Warlick, who is leading an effort with Warlick’s Warriors ( and the airline industry to raise significant funds with Peter’s disease was diagnosed about a year after your’s but like you, he has two younger children, and is doing everything possible to be here as long as possible. He’s also working with Steve Gleason so you all actually know him in common. Please contact me if you’d like to connect with him. Thank you and God’s peace.

  7. Julie

    Jay, we’re looking at your adjustable bed recommendations and are a little confused about which specific mattress you recommend. The link takes us to the 100 firm mattress. Is that the one? It is the least expensive, so that’s nice, but, like you said, I’d need a very soft cushioning mattress and this one says firm. My bony body needs a lot of cushion to be comfortable. There are other more expensive “plush” options. Is it one of those? Please let me know specifically.

  8. Allan Frederick Moore

    I use a Sure Hands ceiling mounted lift system to get moved between powerchair and toilet and bed see youtube weirdALS

    • Jon Ferraiolo

      I have a SureHands also for transport between bed, wheelchair and toilet. Saved a lot of money and time over the long haul because you don’t need as much caregiver time and you don’t need muscle to do transfers.

  9. Allan Frederick Moore

    Heat Holder socks from amazon and down booties keep my feet warm

    • Jay Smith

      some of this is covered by insurance or can be found through your local loan closet. Let us know if you need help with a specific item.

  10. Jenn

    After hours of research on the ALSA website and many others, I can say this is truly the most comprehensive, practical, and useful list you have created. It is impossible to know what is coming for my father, but with your candidness and well researched options, I feel more equipped with the guidance I have been looking for to be more prepared. So very grateful. Thank you.

  11. Jim

    I was at a business Dinner in Philadelphia last week. One of the guys I was with starting talking about you and this site. He shared it with me and here I am. I have a child hood friend who was my best friend back in the day. He has had ALS for 12-15 years I am guessing. He is now in a long term care facility. I don’t want to go into too much detail publicly. The short story is, he has been tucked away in this facility for 10 years plus. It was difficult to get any information about him. I found him and went and visited him. I currently know nothing about the disease in any detail. I just want to know what I can do to help him at least live a spec of life. I really can’t tell if he understands me and knows what I am saying. Any advice to get started?

  12. Nancy Kuhn-Clark

    This is a tremendous resource! Thanks so much for sharing your tips and putting them together.
    I wonder if you have come across any good transfer options beyond the traditional hoyer lift. Even the Rifton Lift Team doesn’t really do it for us.

  13. Diana Kessler

    As the retired Physical Therapist I cannot applaud your expertise enough , not to mention your generosity to share this information. As I read all this I am thinking your knowledge is so astounding I am sure you could be the one to find a cure for ALS . Start an online course in neuroanatomy today! Who knows ! Blessings to you and your wonderful family

  14. Justin Rumley

    Thank you so much for including The Buckwheat Feeding Tube Holder on your list! We are featuring you on our website using The Buckwheat in Hawaii and including a link to this page.

  15. Ray Rubino

    Great advice, very comprehensive. I am a caregiver and have been stumbling through solutions as things develop. Your advice should be given to everyone as soon as they are diagnosed . Thank you.

  16. Harold Gullung

    J. Great resource page. I been fighting for five years here in Houston. Would like to add to home automation to look at a vera box. That tied into all my zwave switches and it can integrate with the echo for voice control of devices including dtv. For integrating all my televisions look at girder from proximis. For tv look at the Roku televisions. Roku devices can be controlled through http commands.

  17. Alexandra Corday

    Although I was diagnosed two years ago with ALS and Bulbar Paulsey, I’m very blessed to still be ambulatory on my own two feet, have my blance, and the use of one arm and hand. I also still drive myself wherever I need to go. I have already lost my voice. Sure wish I had known at saving my own voice for future use. That would be so awesome. My family and friends tell me they’ve forgotten what my real voice sounded like. They’re now used to the electronic voice I speak with now. This very thorough list compiled by Jay, will certainly come in handy as I need more of these things. Thank You, Jay for doing this.
    Clearly, you went to a lot of trouble and put in a lot of time for everyone else’s benefit. YOU ARE AWESOME, JAY!!

  18. garth fritel

    Jay, thank you for this list. I was just diagnosed 6 weeks ago, and like you, I have two little girls ages 4 and 15mos. On my ‘downtime’ I try to research technology to utilize as the disease progresses. This list is very comprehensive. You have no idea how much I appreciate it, thank you.

  19. Lisa Musselman

    Wonderful, very comprehensive list, Jay! Thank you so much for the time and effort you put in to making this list to help others!


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